Polymers are normally thought of as insulators. In the last few years, however, a rapidly advancing and changing field has developed which exploits the ability of certain polymers to conduct charge, in some cases electronically and in others by means of ions. Certain electrochemical processes of major present-day industrial importance depend on the presence of polymeric materials for their efficient operation. The chlor-alkali industry is a prime example. Exciting new power sources, in which polymers replace conventional electrodes and/or electrolytes, are being intensively developed. Re- markable advances in the understanding of electrochemical processes and the development of a range of sophisticated sensors and other devices have been made possible by the use of polymer-coated electrodes. The impact of polymers on the electrochemical field is still in its initial growth phase. The results of a rapidly escalating volume of industrial and academic research are being applied in many contexts, especially in the information technology field. In certain areas, the use of polymers is only just beginning to show its impact. In the next year or so, the use of polymerised Langmuir-Blodgett films as a substitute for conventional E-beam resists in electronics can be anticipated. By the end of the decade, polymerised mono- and multi-layers may be incorporated in very large-scale integrated circuits.